Even if it only amounts to a bit of arithmetic, you no doubt use some mathematics in your day to day life. It would also be fair to say that just about every job, profession or career uses some math. A great many careers utilize mathematics beyond the elementary level, such as Trigonometry, Vectors, Matrices, Calculus, Statistics. Yet other careers use still more advanced mathematical topics taught at the university level.
Academic Advising is of great help to students considering their career choices and corresponding academic paths. Academic Advising maintains a large and useful library of career information. You can research the possibilities on your own or discuss them with an advisor.
To lead to the best career opportunities, studies in Mathematics should probably be combined with another more applied field, as well as with a good grounding in computers. Here is a list of professions making a heavy use of mathematics.
Quite a list! Well, let's organize it into six broad categories, and look at a few areas under each category.
1. The Financial World
Actuaries use statistical and financial models to price insurance policies. Mostly they are employed by insurance companies, but a few work for universities.
Banks borrow and lend money at differential rates. Apart from bookkeeping they need sophisticated, mathematically based, economic models to remain both competitive and profitable.
Planning investments involves the use of mathematics to predict the future growth of capital, price bonds and other debt instruments.
Accountants and Auditors
An accountant keeps track of the global financial life of an individual or company. An auditor may spend a day, several weeks, or even months, analysing the financial state of an individual or company.
Within large companies, financial directors oversee the income and expenses of the company.
Economists frequently work for the government, large companies, or universities. They deal with theories of economic activity in an effort to predict the future impact of a variety of policy changes.
Demographics is the study of population trends. Employment might be found within a large company, the government or at a university.
A market researcher uses demographics, statistics and other tools to try to predict the future demand for a product.
A manager may need to be familiar with a wide range of mathematical models in connection with decision making within an organization.
Research Mathematics is a highly creative activity. A few research mathematicians are employed by large companies, but more are employed by universities. These people develop new mathematical theories.
This is the endeavor to fit a mathematical theory to a real world situation. Devising reliable and accurate mathematical models is a highly practical business.
This is the mathematical study of efficiency. Operations research relates closely to mathematical modeling, linear programming, statistics, and data analysis.
Writing computer programs is a two step procedure. First you need to invent the program (this may involve mathematical modeling), then you need to write the actual code in a computer language.
A systems analyst oversees computer operations in a company. He or she chooses the software and hardware that make up a system, and helps to educate the other employees in its use.
These are the folks that actually make sure the computer systems are running properly. They are usually the first ones called when a system 'crashes.'
The importance of computer support personnel cannot be overemphasized. All computer software and hardware needs to be explained so that it can be used by people in a variety of non-computer fields. These are the people who help you out when the computer doesn't seem to work properly.
A bachelors degree in mathematics is helpful, but many high school math teachers have a strong mathematical education with a degree in another area.
The standard requirement to teach Mathematics in a Cegep is a master's degree.
Most university mathematics teachers have a doctorate in the subject. They are usually expected to carry on research in addition to their teaching activities.
Here is a partial list of different engineering fields. Engineering normally makes heavy use of mathematics as well as computers: aeronautical, agricultural, astronautical, bio-medical, ceramic, chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, materials.