"These photographs were taken in September 2002 during a trip to Poland with my older brother George and our friend, Eda. We three lost family here during World War II.
My mother's pregnancy prompted my parents to flee Lodz, Poland on August 31, 1939, the eve of the German invasion of Poland. George was born six weeks later. They arrived in Canada in June, 1941.
We visited some of of the places and streets where our parents grew up, as well as Auschwitz Birkenau, the site of mass extermination which they narrowly avoided."
Established in 1940 by Nazi Germany as a concentration camp in Poland, Auschwitz became a "vast killing centre for the Nazi extermination of the Jews" of Europe in 1942 (1). It was liberated by the Soviet Army on January 27, 1945.
A complex of camps, Auschwitz I was the central camp; Auschwitz II, also known as Birkenau, was the killing center; Auschwitz III: Monowitz, was the IG Farben labour camps, also known as BUNA. There were also 50 sub camps at factories, mines and other work sites. (2)
Ralph Blumenthal, "Auschwitz Revisited: Polish Scholars Compile
Version Left by Victims and Killers Alike," New York Times, Jan