Centre de la petite enfance Vanier, previously known as Vanier Day Care, was incorporated in 1979 and began operation in Vanier College with a permit for 30 children. Prior to 1979, informal childcare had been organized by staff and students as a parent co-op service.

In 2004, CPE Vanier received approval by the Government and Vanier College to build a new daycare on Vanier campus with a permit for 60 children.  In 2010, CPE Vanier once again received approval to build an extension to the existing new building increasing the permit to 80 children.